Subvocalization is a common habit that many readers struggle with, slowing down their reading speed and comprehension. It refers to the inner voice that silently pronounces each word as you read, similar to how you would speak them aloud. While subvocalization can be useful at times, like when you’re learning to read as a child, it becomes a hindrance when you’re trying to read quickly and absorb information efficiently. Fortunately, there are simple ways to curb this habit and enhance your reading skills.
- Speed Reading Techniques: One of the most effective ways to stop subvocalization is to learn speed reading techniques. Speed reading is a skill that focuses on increasing your reading speed while maintaining comprehension. Here are some speed reading techniques that can help you overcome subvocalization:
- Skimming and Scanning: Instead of reading every word individually, practice skimming and scanning. Skimming involves quickly glancing over the text to get a general sense of the content, while scanning involves looking for specific keywords or phrases. These techniques discourage subvocalization because you’re not reading every word.
- Using a Pointer: When you read, try using your finger or a pen as a pointer. Move it along the text at a pace faster than your normal reading speed. This physical motion helps your eyes move more quickly across the page, reducing the tendency to subvocalize.
- Chunking: Train your brain to process groups of words rather than individual words. By reading in chunks, you can eliminate the need to pronounce each word silently. Practice reading phrases or even entire sentences at a glance to improve your reading speed and comprehension.
- Silent Reading Exercises: Engaging in silent reading exercises can be a practical way to break the subvocalization habit. Here’s how to do it:
- Use a Timer: Set a timer for a specific duration and challenge yourself to finish a certain number of pages or chapters within that time frame. The pressure of the timer can push you to read faster and discourage subvocalization.
- Read Aloud Occasionally: While the goal is to stop subvocalization, occasionally reading aloud can help you gauge your progress. It allows you to compare the speed and comprehension of silent reading to subvocalized reading, motivating you to continue practicing silent reading.
- Mindfulness and Focus: Practice mindfulness techniques to stay focused on the text. Concentrate on the ideas and concepts rather than the act of reading. This shift in focus can reduce the tendency to subvocalize.
- Utilize Technology and Tools: Modern technology offers various tools and apps designed to help you overcome subvocalization:
- Text-to-Speech Software: Use text-to-speech software or applications to listen to books or articles instead of reading them silently. This can help you break the habit of subvocalization by engaging a different sensory channel.
- Speed Reading Apps: There are several apps available that are specifically designed to improve reading speed and comprehension. These apps often include exercises, tests, and tracking features to help you monitor your progress.
- E-books and E-readers: E-readers like Kindle often have features that allow you to adjust text speed. Gradually increase the speed of the text display to push yourself to read faster without subvocalizing.
In conclusion, subvocalization can significantly hinder your reading speed and comprehension, but with practice and the right techniques, you can overcome this habit. Speed reading techniques, silent reading exercises, and the use of technology and tools can all play a role in helping you stop subvocalization and become a more efficient reader. Remember that breaking this habit may take time and patience, but the benefits of improved reading speed and comprehension are well worth the effort.