Serum vs plasma are two important components of blood with their own set of functions. They are often used interchangeably, but there is a significant difference between them.
A straw-colored liquid, plasma makes up around 55 percent of blood. It contains about 90 percent water with antibodies, clotting factors, electrolytes and other proteins required for the body.
What is Serum?
Serum is a skincare product that’s applied to the face after cleansing but before moisturizing with the intent of delivering powerful ingredients directly into your skin.
They’re usually made up of smaller molecules that can penetrate deeper into your skin, so they can be more effective at targeting specific skincare concerns like wrinkles.
A serum may contain ingredients like hyaluronic acid, peptides, and retinol that can help boost the production of collagen, soften fine lines, and reduce dark spots.
These potent ingredients are designed to be absorbed quickly and deeply into your skin so they can deliver results over time.
To use a serum, apply two to three pumps of the formula to your palms and gently pat it onto clean skin. You’ll want to avoid rubbing too hard, as this can irritate your skin and cause premature signs of aging.
You’ll typically want to smooth a pea-sized amount over your skin a few minutes after cleansing and before layering on your other products (think: moisturizer, face oil, and sunscreen). There are serums specifically designed for nighttime use so you can reap even more benefits at the end of the day.
What is Plasma?
Plasma is a liquid portion of blood that your body uses to carry vital substances around the body. It also contains proteins such as albumin and globulins that help your immune system fight infection.
It is one of the four states of matter – solid, liquid and gas – and it has the ability to react with electrical and magnetic fields. When a neutral gas is heated such that some of its electrons are removed from their atoms, it changes state to plasma.
A plasma is a partially ionized gas containing free negative electrons and positively charged ions. It is a very useful type of matter because it can react with both electric and magnetic fields.
Plasma occurs naturally on Earth and in space, but it can also be artificially made. It is used in high-tech industries such as semiconductors and electronics. It is also used in welding and in a wide range of chemical and metallurgical processes.
What is the Difference Between Serum and Plasma?
Plasma and serum are two of the most important components of blood. They are often confused with one another, but there are key differences between the two.
Serum is a liquid component of blood that contains proteins, electrolytes, antibodies, antigens and hormones. It is also known as the “blood medium”.
Plasma is the translucent part of the blood, which forms more than half of it. It is yellowish in color and contains suspended red blood cells (RBCs), white blood cells (WBCs), platelets, clotting factors and water.
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What is the Difference Between Serum and Plasma Tests?
Serum is the fluid that remains in blood after the clotting process is complete. On the other hand, plasma is a liquid portion of blood that is obtained after an anticoagulant is added to the blood before it is collected.
Plasma is a yellowish or straw-colored liquid that comprises 55% of the volume of blood and helps carry nutrients, hormones, proteins, enzymes, and other materials to different organs of the body. It also contains antibodies that are effective in combating infections and diseases.
In clinical diagnostic testing, serum is used to identify a patient’s blood type. It is also used to diagnose abnormalities such as liver and kidney disease.
There are many medical uses of plasma, including treatments for people with hemophilia, shocks, and burns. It can also help to prevent clotting problems in people with autoimmune conditions or severe liver disease.